Organic or Inorganic?

Organic or Inorganic? Texas Gateway

Discuss the following question with a partner or respond in your science notebook. There are four main types or classes of organic compounds that are found in all living things. It is the ability of carbon to make so many different compounds that results in the rich diversity of life on Earth. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

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Types of Organic Compounds

The second activity has a list of compounds and students are asked to identify the organic compounds. The plant material from which coal is derived is composed of a complex mixture of organic compounds, including cellulose, lignin, fats, waxes, and tannins. Proteins are the major molecules from which living things are constructed.

The most basic group of hydrocarbons are the alkanes, which contain only single bonds. For example, the organic compound urea, CH 4 N 2 O, contains a total of eight atoms. Study of the properties and synthesis of organic compounds is the discipline known as organic chemistry. A fatty acid is a long chain of carbon atoms from 4 to 24 with a carboxyl —COOH group at one end.

Mellitic acid , which contains no C-H bonds, is considered a possible organic substance in Martian soil.


Impact of this question views around the world. Benner; K. The names of some alkanes are listed in Table 1. Bibliography Atkins, Robert C. The same molecule may contain several functional groups. Remember to use the Periodic Table.

There was a problem with your submission. The information can be used to verify the observation they created. The double bond is called a "functional group" because its presence in a molecule causes reactivity at that particular site.

Perhaps a more useful description might be: In the following activity, you will check your understanding by identifying examples of organic compounds. DNA is found primarily in the nucleus of the cell, while RNA is found in both the nucleus and the cytoplasm, a semiliquid substance that composes the volume of the cell see Chapter 3.

Organic compound - Wikipedia

The carbon fibres are woven into a cloth which is then cut and layered in a mould. Coal, the other fossil fuel, is a much more complicated material from which many kinds of organic compounds, some of them hydrocarbons, can be obtained.

Let's take a closer look at the key types of organic compounds and see examples of these important molecules. Evaluate 2: These molecules form the basis for life.

The groups are named after the corresponding hydrocarbons. Further compounds of prime importance in biochemistry are antigens , carbohydrates , enzymes , hormones , lipids and fatty acids , neurotransmitters , nucleic acids , proteins , peptides and amino acids , lectins , vitamins , and fats and oils.